Three Easy Ways to Take Care of Plants
Contrary to popular belief, taking care of plant and flowers doesn’t require a green thumb. Many people enjoy the relaxation of gardening or the beauty that healthy flowers and plants produce. However, just like any other living thing, plants require care, sustenance and a little TLC in order to thrive and continue to blossom. Listed below are three easy ways to ensure your plants has the best opportunity to grow and stay healthy.
Plants Need the Right Amount of Light
The most important element for plants require is sunlight. Plants go through a process known as photosynthesis that occurs when they are exposed to sunlight. This allows them to create the energy they need to stay healthy. The trick however, is that not all plants require the same amount of sunlight. In fact, each species has unique requirements that help them grow.
In general, there are three different types of light requirements that both plants need in order for photosynthesis to occur.
- Direct sunlight: As the name states, direct sunlight will shine upon the plant without any barriers, such as shade or shadows.
- Indirect sunlight: This is when sunlight will shine into a room inside a home or office building but does not directly shine on the plant.
- Diffused light: In this case, sunlight is filtered by a sunshade, sheered curtain or a screen.
It's always best to research the specific light requirements of any plant you intend on buying in order for them to flourish. Knowing this information will also provide you with the best location in which to place your plants and flowers; either outside in a garden or indoors in a pot. Most nurseries that sell plants have experts that are more than happy to tell you the best sources of light for your plants.
Having the Right Amount of Water is Critical for Plants
The biggest mistake that most beginning gardeners will make is overwatering their plants. Just like sunlight, without water plants would die rather quickly. However, there are specific watering requirements that each type of plant needs in order to grow. In general, the key to proper watering of plants is to ensure the soil where their roots are planted is moist, but not overly wet. There are a few things you can do to check the water saturation of soil including:
- Check the soil with your fingers. By pushing down on the top layer of soil, you can tell how moist it is.
- Use a water can instead of a hose. This permits you to control the exact amount of water being poured.
- Use lukewarm water. Cold or hot water can 'shock' plants and flowers.
Plants Need Food
Although water and sunlight help a plant with growth, they also require nutrients that are often found in soil. However, the problem is that not all soil is equal, so you might have to add plant food to the soil. In general, there are three types of plant food:
- Water soluble: This is when you mix a powder with water and pour on the soil.
- Spikes: This is a solid plant food that is placed in the soil next to a plant and breaks down naturally over time.
- Granular: This is a plant food that you sprinkle on the soil and water
Depending on whether you have plants outside in a garden or inside a pot, they will all have unique requirements for additional food. As with sunlight and water requirements, always consult with a garden professional about what type of plant food to use. Following these three general guidelines for taking care of plants and flowers will give you a solid baseline to begin your gardening.